Leadership management essays
Essays on Leadership
These changes which are brought about by innovations must not only adapt to the existing organizational and structural environments, but they must also transform the structure and practices of these environments. The strategic problem that exists for institutional leaders is one of creating an infrastructure and a plat form which is conducive for this form of change. The leadership patterns displayed by managers is said to determine the accomplishment of corporate goals and objectives.
Leadership behaviours plays a central role in the cultural and political transformation processes of a firm by continuously changing the core values of employees, organizational structures, and contextual variables and the contents f the business strategies followed by the firm. Values aspirations and preferences of top management are important factors that influence the choice of strategy that brings about change. Organizational change may be defined as the adoption of a new idea or a behaviour by an organization.
It is a way of altering an existing organization to increase organizational effectiveness for achieving its objectives. Organizational change is primarily structural in character and it is designed to bring about alterations in organizational structure, methods and processes. Successful organizational change must continually focus on making organizations responsive to major developments like changing customer preferences, regulatory norms, economic shocks and technological innovations. Only those organizations those are able to undertake suitable change programs, can sustain and survive in a changing and demanding economic order in their bid to remain ahead of others in the race.
Many factors give rise to change processes in organizations.
Organizations seek to be innovative; give in to pressures to follow the pack or an industry or sector leader; or are coerced by forces of public opinion, regulatory force, or marketplace mechanisms to attempt change. The success of change in organizations can be measured by a variety of perspectives — those who seek the change; those who are asked to alter their practice; those whose stakes are most impacted by old and new ways of doing; and bystanders of the process among others.
However we come to those assessments, the process of implementing change — of putting ideas into practice — is a major determinant of outcomes. Organizational changes do not take place in a vacuum. These changes are usually based on a theoretical framework. Relating to the nature of the change process, most of the change theories could be grouped into four broad categories: evolutionary change, dialectics, life cycle and teleological theories.
The four are distinguished from each other either on the basis of unit of change or mode of change. The unit of change is either the single individual entity, interactions among people or relationships between organizations. The mode of change is either prescribed or constructive.
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Evolutionary change is a continuous cycle of variation, retention and selection among several units regardless of the rate of change. Naturally, the outcome can be radical or gradual depending on the timely distribution of the variation, retention and selection of events throughout the organization. The dialectic theory of change talks about the organizational existence in a pluralistic world of ambiguous and contradictory forces and values that compete with one another to get control over the others.
When the status quo is confronted by the opposing force, which is with sufficient power, change takes place. Life cycle theory proposes change process as a linear irreversible sequence of prescribed stages which facilitates organizations to move from the point of departure towards an end which is prefigured in the present state.
This is a deliberate process of reaching t the predetermined goal as the ultimate objective. Essentially, effective management of these changes requires the leader to be able to manage the following key phases; that is being aware of the requirements of change, generating willingness for participation and supporting the change initiatives, gathering information and knowledge about the method and process of change, ability to implement the change on a regular basis and reinforcement to keep the change process.
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All these factors and phases are best delivered and managed by the leader whose role is to ensure that the organization achieves its core objectives in light of the prevailing circumstances. In conclusion, nothing is more prevalent in industry today than change. Some of these change initiatives happen as organizations evolve, and often require little intervention. Others are far more reaching. They involve efforts specifically designed to improve organizational functions. As an organization works towards realizing the role of change, the leader should take the lead role in ensuring that the subordinates understand the direction which the organization is taking.
A successful manager and leader must be able to identify challenges that arise in course of leadership, how the manager or the leader deals with the various challenges influences the effectiveness of leadership and management. Fro instance, it is not easy to supervise friends due to discomforts that arise and the privileges that they might expect from the leader or the manager. It is also challenging to supervise colleagues who are more experienced than the manager; this particularly arises when a manager joins a new company and is expected to supervise people who have more experience working in the company than the manager Huber , p.
It is critical to learn to handle employees fairly and maintain professionalism in the relationships that are established.
https://backbellandzand.tk Leadership competencies and effectiveness of management are highly influenced by aspects like intelligence, communication, decision making and empowerment, it is therefore very important that the leader or the manager devises various ways of improving his or her capacity and skills to mange the members. Effective communication can be enhanced through regular meetings, for instance, I would organize for weekly meeting with the sales force to evaluate their weekly performance. I must relay the ideas and concerns of the members, and provide them with feedback, this builds a market-wide perspective and provides inspiration, positive and anticipatory atmosphere that is important in starting new projects.
In the modern times, the majority of companies have adopted digital infrastructure to enhance efficiency in organizational communication. The most common model of this trend is the development of intranets for communication. I would introduce the intranet to enhance information security and to promote efficiency in the flow of sales and marketing information across the hierarchical structure in the organization. The intranet would also simplify the operations of the organization and the flow of communication to employees around the organization.
This is since application of the hierarchical structure in organizational communication complicates and precipitates costs in time and other resources in the operations of the organization. Automation of the communication mechanisms in the organization would enable the management to monitor sales trends effectively and conveniently, and identify and rectify organizational challenges in time.
My portfolio would involve playing a vital role in improving communication within the sales and marketing function of the company Harkins , p. To improve the communication, I would also enhance objectivity in every message conveyed to members, when communicating through mails, I weighed weigh my emotions so that the tone used in the message is honest, positive and trustworthy. A leader should avoid being emotional in order to ensure that rational mind is engaged in strategizing the best approach to the existing issues, this would help me in preserving trust through communication.
I would also encourage members to ask questions freely without fearing ridicule. Decision making is a critical skill in business and particularly in leadership, decision making skill is often integrated problem solving skills, the two skills are especially critical in leadership and management decisions. Effectiveness in decision-making requires some personalities like decisiveness in order to make quality assessments, they also need to be creative so that they can identify and develop options and brainstorming techniques Huber , p.
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To ensure that I make effective decisions in my position, would conduct analysis of the political economic, social and technological environment as well as the analysis of the strengths, weaknesses and the threats and opportunities of the function or the company. In the context of Abbott, I would conduct SWOT analysis and PEST analysis to help identify challenges and the opportunities and strengths that could enable effective handling of the challenges; this would give me the opportunity to make effective decision concerning the appropriate course of action.
SWOT analysis would also help in assessing the suitability and the potential of the market. The other important step in improving decision-making would be to enhance creative development, identification of options, firmness of decisions, clarity of judgment made and effective implementation in the sales and marketing function. Workshops are also important particularly in enhancing a group decision-making; this helps in arriving at consensus and arriving at appropriate processes and incorporating the relevant tools.
I would also engage in negotiation concerning the decision at stake, with other managers or leaders, this helps in interacting and exploring new and exiting concepts Huber , p. Emotional intelligence is critical in leadership; it enables leaders to meet the challenges of leading their members particularly in sensitive functions like sales and marketing, which are cornerstones in organizations.
It gives a leader competitive edge, with the evolved sense of independence and democracy at work environment, leaders are challenged to lead and manage empowered workforce Pergamon , p. This requires me to go beyond co-operative, consultative and democratic leadership styles in order to meet the growing opportunities, challenges and glory, team spirit and other demands. Combining self-report questionnaire with the whereby the results are processed by an independent entity enables the leader to get results that are more candid.
To improve emotional intelligence, I would focus on self-awareness, self-management, social-awareness and relationship skills, one can identify personal anecdotes that can be reflected upon Pergamon , p. After being aware of oneself, the leader can influence others and can easily manage interpersonal relations without conflicts or is at least well placed to manage conflicts, facilitate collaboration and teamwork, and develop skills and knowledge appropriate for the leadership roles.
Carrying out reflective analysis would help in identifying areas that require further development, imaging of alternatives on regular basis contribute substantially to the improvement of emotional intelligence. In the context of Abbott, I would examine my reactions, my responses to the sales force, to the performance of sales and fill a questionnaire that is well structured to cover the various levels of emotional intelligence including self-awareness, self-management, social-awareness and relationship skills Pergamon , p. I know that I have a weak emotional intelligence and I would look forward to develop it further.
I would also take experiential exercises in addition to the self-report questionnaire; this would be appropriately analyzed by a colleague like a line manager within the company to make the results more honest and helpful to me. Management of sales is very challenging and the leader is often stressed whenever the sales targets are unmet, as a sales manager I would work towards demonstrating emotional intelligence in order to enhance effective leadership.
Leadership and management are closely linked but the two concepts differ in terms of focus and objectives, for instance a sales manager will focus on administration of sales, systems and structures necessary for effective sales management, while a sales manager who demonstrates leadership would focus on innovative ways of managing and increasing sales. Leadership and Management Name Institutional Affiliation Leadership and Management The achievements of organizations depend on their management and the manner in which their leaders conduct several operations within the organization.
It is worth mentioning that successful organizations attribute their positive impacts in the market and general employee-employer relation to the influence spearheaded by the management team Hiriyappa, This paper narrows down to evaluate. Leadership is a term that is often misunderstood and misinterpreted in the business world.
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In the world of CEOs, CFOs, vice-presidents and managers, it is important to distinguish the difference between what is considered management and what is considered leadership. While these two terms are not mutually exclusive, but it is imperative that they are not comprehended as mutually inclusive either. In this context, I will be comparing leadership and management as presented in the college textbook.
As we know that, leadership is nothing. But the influencing flowers. Leadership includes three fundamental clusters of skills creating vision, garnering commitment to that vision, an managing progress toward the realization of that vision. This is why, Organizational renowned scholars have been studying of this very significant topic of leadership for literally hundreds of years. Management vs. Leadership Introduction Presently many of us have learned that managers are primarily administrators who have learned to write business plans, utilize their resources and keep track of progress.
We must learn that we are not limited by job title, and that means we can utilize our management skills in any position that we are in. We must also know that we can use our leadership skills in the same situations. On the other hand we have also learned that leaders are people who have.
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